Katie To, DDS

Dr. Katie knows Katy

Eat less sugar, you're sweet enough already!

There are three stages of cavity formation. The first involves plaque, which is created by the bacteria in your mouth when you consume foods and drinks that contain sugar and produce acids. 

Repeated cycles of acid attacks from frequent consumption of foods or drinks containing sugar and starches, weaken the hard surface of the teeth. This process is responsible for the loss of minerals from tooth enamel. In fact, a sign of early decay is seen when a white spot appears where ...

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Preventing Cavities: A Unique Environment

Hey Everyone,

Our mouths provide the perfect environment for bacteria growth.  In fact, 800 - 1,000 different types of bacteria can be found in just your mouth alone!

Bacteria is responsible for the formation of plaque - a sticky, colorless film of bacteria which feeds on sugar and starch to produce acids.  These acids break down tooth enamel and can cause tooth decay.

Every time we eat or drink, we are feeding the bacteria in our mouth and increasing the amount of plaque on our teeth.  Plaque can be removed in most cases by brushing and flossing; however, plaque that is not removed hardens into tartar, which can't be removed by brushing and ...

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Biocorrosion: Gum Line Notching and Environmental Damage to Tooth Root Surfaces

A very common condition that many people have is notching or tooth structure loss right above the gum line on some upper and lower teeth.  This notching can leave the gum tooth interface unsightly due to discoloration, it can produce sensitivity to hot and cold, and can ultimately compromise the integrity of the tooth structure.  This notching is a result of prior gum recession exposing the root surface to the oral environment.  Root surfaces do not have the hard enamel covering protecting the tops of the teeth rendering them vulnerable to environmental conditions.  Once exposed this surface can be compromised from a combination of chewing forces, acids from the stomach, ...

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Cavities: A Bacterial Infection Transmissible and Preventable

A very popular, and often "accepted" oral infection caused by bacteria is known as caries.  A damaging result of the caries infection process are holes in the teeth commonly known as cavities.  Many parents expect their children to acquire cavities as they grow, and often act surprised, when children leave the dental office without the need for "fillings".  A reality about cavities is that the bacteria that cause cavities are transmissible and are often introduced to a child at a very early age from a primary caregiver.  This happens by kissing, sharing utensils, drinks, or other forms of saliva exchange.  Once the cavity causing bacteria are introduced to the mouth ...

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